Eurasia Review: To Reduce Fear Of Police, Eliminate Laws Empowering Police To Abuse People – OpEd

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In a Friday editorial at the American Conservative, James Bovard examines a multitude of reasons why Americans rationally fear having an interaction with a cop.

At the root, explains, Bovard, there are too many laws providing reasons for police to exercise force and too few restraints on when and how that force may be exercised.

Bovard writes his editorial as a response to South Bend, Indiana, Mayor Pete Buttigieg’s comment
in a June Democratic presidential primary debate that Buttigieg is
“determined to bring about a day when a white person driving a vehicle
and a black person driving a vehicle, when they see a police officer
approaching, feels the exact same thing — a feeling not of fear but of
safety.”

After examining the wide scope of police authority under the law, Bovard concludes that what is needed to pursue the goal Buttigieg espouses is a policy change much more radical than any of the Democratic presidential candidates on the debate stage are likely to endorse.

Bovard writes: “The best way to encourage citizens to have ‘a feeling not of fear but of safety’ is to repeal legions of laws empowering police to unjustifiably accost and wrongfully subjugate peaceful citizens.”

Read Bovard’s editorial here.

Speaking
of fear of US government agents, then-House of Representatives Member
Ron Paul (R-TX) similarly started of a 1997 House floor speech with this
observation:

Mr. Speaker, earlier this year another member severely criticized me on the House floor for declaring on C-SPAN that, indeed, many Americans justifiably fear their own government. This fear has come from the police-state mentality that prompted Ruby Ridge, Waco, and many other episodes of an errant federal government.

Returning to this observation later in his speech, Paul comments:

Force and intimidation are the tools of tyrants. Intimidation with government guns and the threat of imprisonment and the fear of harassment by government agents put fear into the hearts of millions of Americans.

With constitutional limits on the US government’s power disregarded,
Paul laments, “we have witnessed the massive build-up of a virtual army
of armed regulators prowling the states where they have no legal
authority.”

Like Bovard, Paul suggests a policy change in
response that few American politicians would support. Paul declares:
“Yes, we need gun control; we need to disarm our bureaucrats, then
abolish the agencies.”

Watch Paul’s complete speech here:

This article was published by RonPaul Institute

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Eurasia Review: US Prisons Are Concentration Camps – OpEd

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There were already thousands of concentration camps in the United
States before Donald Trump began his reign of terror over asylum
seekers. They are called prisons.

Most Americans are loathe to condemn their own country. Even when
they do they refuse to acknowledge its vast history of criminality and
prefer to behave as if the latest outrage is an outlier event.

The disgraceful treatment meted out to asylum seekers at the southern
border must be condemned unequivocally. Congresswoman Alexandria
Ocasio-Cortez and other House members performed their due diligence when
they witnessed the horrible conditions first hand.

But Ocasio-Cortez is also the source of confusion on the subject. Her
assessment that these facilities can be called concentration camps
created consternation and debate. That reaction isn’t surprising
considering that Americans are in a permanent state of denial about
their nation. Those very loaded words are commonly associated with Nazi
Germany, the country we are told was the ultimate embodiment of evil. It
is difficult for most people to connect the country they think of as
being good and virtuous with Hitler’s atrocities.

The discussion should not revolve around the question of whether or
not the term concentration camp applies in this situation. There is a
larger problem in assuming that an entirely new condition has suddenly
been established when that is not the case.

There were already thousands of concentration camps in the United
States before Donald Trump began his reign of terror over asylum
seekers. These concentration camps are usually referred to as prisons.

More than two million people are locked up for serious crimes but
more often for more minor cases that should be adjudicated otherwise.
There are people serving life sentences for non-violent offenses under
the notorious “three strikes” sentencing laws. A black woman in Alabama
was recently indicted after she was the victim of a shooting which
caused her to miscarry.

That kind of draconian sentencing and punishment for its own sake is
the hallmark of an authoritarian regime that is full of concentration
camps. Juveniles are tried as adults, pregnant women given birth in
shackles, and prisoners work for a pittance or are even charged for
their incarceration. Private corporations run prisons and turn a profit.
Other companies make money by selling products made by prisoners. Call
centers are staffed by inmates and everything from clothing to furniture
ought to be labeled Made in Prison.

There is nothing new going on at the border. All of the horrors meted
out to Hondurans fleeing the government imposed upon them by the United
States are already experienced by the two million people living behind
bars. 

The term concentration camp could have been used long before in
describing the world’s worst prison state. Unfortunately even liberals
succumb to the urge to defend their country. The use of nonsensical
expressions such as, “This is not who we are,” are created by wishful
thinking and are an effort to disappear a very ugly history.

The country that began with the attempt to exterminate the indigenous
population and continued with the enslavement of millions of people was
obviously the site of many concentration camps.
Native Americans were held in them before being sent far from their
homes. Slave markets and plantations were concentration camps as were
the chain gangs which followed. The internment of Japanes Americans fits
the same description.

That sordid history culminates in the mass incarceration state which
disproportionately impacts black people. The group represented by a mere
13% of the total population comprises half of those caught behind bars.
It is important to speak truthfully about this country, even if tender
sensibilities are hurt in the process.

The days of pretending that evil deeds are anomalous must end. The
rampant injustices in this country must be called out and there is no
better place to start than with the prison state. It is commendable that
workers at the Wayfair corporation protested the sale of furniture to
detention centers. Yet there is no similar action directed towards the
rest of the prison industrial complex.

Anti-black racism is so firmly entrenched in the system and in the
national psyche that it continues to be unaddressed even by those who
claim non-racist credentials. Every other group in need of redress may
become the topic of national discourse while the elephant in the room is
unnoticed. 

If concerned people want to call the migrant detention centers
concentration camps they should do so. They shouldn’t forget that this
institution is not a new one. It is as they saying goes, as American as
apple pie.

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Trump Investigations from Michael_Novakhov (96 sites): Trump digital operations from Michael_Novakhov (3 sites): “Trump digital operations” – Google News: Digital Jail: How Ankle Monitors Drive Defendants Into Debt – The National Memo

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Digital Jail: How Ankle Monitors Drive Defendants Into Debt  The National Memo

States and cities, which incur most of the cost of prisons, are increasingly passing the financial burden of ankle monitors onto those who wear them.

“Trump digital operations” – Google News

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Eurasia Review: The Pitfalls Of Private Sector Investment In Infrastructure Financing – Analysis

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By Cyril Prinsloo*

The virtues of private sector financing in infrastructure development
are widely promoted: it supports countries in bridging their
infrastructure financing deficit, helps countries diversify their
financing portfolio, brings projects online quicker, and often respects
countries’ sovereignty by not imposing conditionalities. Yet much
research glosses over the shortcomings of private capital investment in
infrastructure: the interest rate exceeds that of all other creditors
with shorter maturities; and private financiers often lack a development
mandate, are more selective of the projects they finance and are more
risk averse. These factors, coupled with weak institutional structures
and a volatile macroeconomic environment in many African countries, make
private finance less attractive. This briefing highlights some of the
challenges encountered when engaging private capital for infrastructure
development. It offers recommendations to policymakers on how to avoid
these pitfalls and enhance African agency in infrastructure development.

Introduction

Infrastructure development, as a driver of economic growth, remains
central to the development agenda of every African country. Yet a
significant infrastructure financing deficit – estimated at between $68
billion and $108 billion annually [1] – is holding back infrastructure
development on the continent. To bridge this deficit, copious dialogues
and policymaking efforts are aimed at attracting private financiers –
corporates, infrastructure funds, pension funds and sovereign wealth
funds, among others – to infrastructure investment.

The virtues of private sector financing in infrastructure development
are widely promoted: it supports countries in bridging their
infrastructure financing deficit, helps countries diversify their
financing portfolio, brings projects online quicker, and often respects
countries’ sovereignty by not imposing conditionalities.[2] Yet most
research and dialogue gloss over the shortcomings of private sector
financing of infrastructure: the interest rate exceeds that of all other
creditors while maturities are shorter; and private financiers often
lack a development mandate, are more selective of the projects they
finance and are more risk averse. African policymakers engaging in
infrastructure financing should consider these characteristics which,
coupled with often-weak domestic institutions and volatile macroeconomic
environments, make the offering less attractive.

This briefing draws on a series of studies that the South African
Institute of International Affairs (SAIIA) undertook through the Global Economic Governance Africa
programme.[3] It highlights some of the challenges that these studies
identified in respect of sector financing. It also offers lessons for
policymakers on how to avoid the pitfalls and enhance African agency in
infrastructure development.

Infrastructure financing in African countries: a changing milieu

The infrastructure financing milieu in Africa has changed drastically over the past two decades. Public financing traditionally accounted for the bulk of infrastructure expenditure, supplemented primarily by loans from multilateral development banks (MDBs). However, the addition of alternative sources of finance – new and non-Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) bilateral lenders, bonds raised on domestic and international markets, and private financiers – has altered this traditional make-up. Concessional financing has declined, with market-based loans increasing from 54% in 2005 to 66% in 2016.4 In 2017 financing from African governments, MDBs and OECD countries constituted 66.1% of total financing; China alone accounted for 23.8% and contributions from private sources came to 2.8% (see Figure 1).

Global (eg, G20 and the Global Infrastructure Hub)
and continental (AU) dialogues [5] have consistently embraced the
concept of leveraging private financing in infrastructure development.
The size of this potentially untapped source is illustrative in South
Africa: pension assets, one source of private capital, equate to 87% of
South Africa’s gross domestic product (roughly $350 billion in 2018).[6]
Much of this dialogue among multilateral and regional institutions
reflects on bridging the technical challenges hindering greater private
financial involvement. Of these the main challenges are: a lack of
financial instruments, a lack of expertise among private investors to
engage in infrastructure projects, a preference for traditional asset
classes, a limited number of bankable projects in which to invest and
strict regulatory thresholds for institutional investors.[7]

Characteristics of private sector financing

The drawbacks of private investment in infrastructure are typically
neglected. The following section details some of the main drawbacks:
higher cost, prioritisation of profit over development, selectivity and
risk-averseness.

Cost considerations

Private sector financing is considerably more expensive than all
other sources of finance, with less favourable terms attached. Interest
rates on private sector loans typically range from 15–25% with
maturities ranging between seven and nine years. In contrast, the
interest on bilateral loans typically ranges from 2–5%; non-concessional
loans from MDBs typically attract 2.5% interest and concessional loans
1–2%, with maturities ranging from 25–40 years.[8] Higher financing
costs are concerning for a continent confronted with rising debt. While
overall debt levels on the continent remain manageable, the steadily
upward trend at increased costs is worrying (see Figure 2).

The negative impact of excessive debt cannot be overstated: Adeniran et al. cite the negative ‘social impact of debt build-ups on sustainable development, the widening infrastructure deficit despite the rising debt commitment, dampened growth prospects and the high incidence of poverty’ [9] as key inhibiting factors impeding development. In addition, the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries Initiative that sought debt relief for the continent throughout the 2000s highlighted private financiers’ reluctance to restructure debt.

Prioritisation of profits over development

Unlike public sector or MDB lenders, private financiers often favour
profit considerations over development impact. Private financiers also
typically pay scant attention to mechanisms designed to enhance
sustainable development outcomes of infrastructure, such as job
creation, local content procurement, enterprise development,
socio-economic development or the mainstreaming of gender considerations
into infrastructure projects. While socially responsible investment is
increasing among private financiers (eg, ringfencing investment in
sustainable infrastructure programmes such as green bonds), this
practice remains nascent.

South Africa’s Renewable Energy Independent Power Producer Procurement Programme
(REI4P) highlights the reluctance of private investors to accommodate
economic development criteria. Through the REI4P, South Africa’s
national energy utility procures electricity from independent power
producers through a competitive bidding programme. Bids were evaluated
on a 70/30 split for price and economic development considerations,
rather than the 90/10 split typically employed for government
procurement. Private developers deemed these additional development
criteria too onerous. Yet, despite the government’s upping economic
development criteria over subsequent electricity procurement windows,
the average tariffs for wind and solar dropped considerably, [10]
highlighting the continued profitability of projects despite increased
development considerations.[11]

The private sector’s scant regard for development outcomes was also
observed in the failure to mainstream marginalised groups in
infrastructure development in Rwanda. For example, [12]

some private equity interviewees acknowledged that
attention to gender-based issues had been a result of top-down pressure
arising from the need to comply with the requirements of development
finance institutions and MDBs, with little meaningful engagement beyond
treating gender as a tick-box exercise.

Evidence from this case study also illustrated that despite strong
inclusive growth policies in Rwanda, inadequate monitoring and
implementation capacity allows private financiers to evade or circumvent
their obligations in this regard.[13] Private funds as an alternative
financing source should not be discounted because of the lack of a
development mandate. Factoring it into consideration when leveraging
private finance is vital. Where governments lack experience or technical
capacity to ensure private financing delivers on development
objectives, MDBs could be a suitable alternative. MDBs have decades’
worth of development knowledge and technical implementation capacity to
help countries achieve the greatest development impact.

Selectivity and risk aversion

Institutional investors often value ‘safety of assets over
development outcomes’.[14] This alludes to an additional shortcoming of
private financiers: the tendency to select least-risk infrastructure
sectors and stages of the infrastructure value chain.

Historically, private financing has been concentrated in the information and communications technology (ICT), renewable energy and transport sectors (see Figure 3). Interest in these sectors is driven by four factors: ‘firstly, the clear costs associated with such projects, secondly, the low risk exposure during development and construction, thirdly the easy securitisation of revenue streams and finally the private sector’s control over the management of the investment’.[15] It is important to differentiate between economic infrastructure (ICT, renewable energy, transport), which typically sees returns on investments, and social infrastructure (education and healthcare), which typically does not recover capital costs but has the biggest development impact. There is little appetite among private investors for social infrastructure projects.

Private financiers are also reluctant to engage in the early stages of infrastructure development (Figure 4). Project preparation costs range between 5% and 15% of total project costs and can take up to 10 years to complete. [16] This time and expense are sunk costs if projects do not come to fruition. It is not a dearth of financing options that hinders infrastructure development, but rather that there is ‘a broad consensus that bottlenecks in project development and preparation are now the most serious constraints [in African countries]’. [17] This highlights the need for more project preparation finance.

Private financiers also typically prefer brownfield investments to
greenfield projects. Brownfield investments have lower early stage
development and construction risks and provide immediate cash flows.[18]
Similarly, private financiers consider regional projects (irrespective
of sector or stage) too complex [19] and have little appetite to invest
in these projects. [20]

While these characteristics of private finance should not discourage
policymakers from engaging private sources of finance, factoring them
into infrastructure planning and engagement is vital. Public funds, for
example, should be leveraged in those sectors where there is no interest
from private financiers (eg, social infrastructure) or in stages of the
infrastructure development value chain that are unattractive to private
financing (eg, project preparation and capacity development). Piecemeal
use of private financing could be more cost effective.

Enhancing African agency in infrastructure development

These characteristics of private capital investors are compounded by
two underlying challenges pervasive in African countries that limit
their agency in infrastructure development: lack of capacity and reduced
public expenditure in infrastructure financing.

Capacity development

Inadequate technical, governance and implementation capacity in
African countries exposes them to exploitation (intentionally or
unintentionally) by private investors. Examples abound across the
infrastructure value chain: a lack of technical capacity results in
poorly written terms of reference, and insufficient technical capacity
hinders enforceability of standards in infrastructure projects,
resulting in poor quality infrastructure.[21] In Mozambique, weak debt
management capacity and poor transparency mechanisms contributed to debt
distress.[22] And in Lesotho, insufficient legal capacity had dramatic
negative consequences in negotiations for a public–private partnership,
locking Maseru into an unfavourable long-term contract.[23]

It is in the interest of policymakers to strengthen domestic
legislation, institutions and policies governing infrastructure
development and investment. Better capacity will lead to more
sustainable infrastructure: infrastructure development efficiency will
increase, limiting corruption and wasteful expenditure. Availability of
domestic skills and production will increase domestic procurement and
job creation to maximise the development impact of projects.[24]
Enhanced capacity will also increase African countries’ agency in
infrastructure development through better engagement with financiers and
enforcement of outsourced projects.

Most countries prefer grants for capacity building.[25] Yet, since
this is a long-term investment with development benefits akin to
physical infrastructure, lending for capacity-building activities should
also be prioritised. Capacity development should be viewed as a core
component of loans, rather than as an add-on to project lending.[26]

Infrastructure expenditure

Larger infrastructure contributions will allow African countries
greater autonomy in the administration and application of funds, curbing
fears of undue national interests dominating decision-making in
infrastructure development.27 However, infrastructure expenditure across
the continent is declining.28 In SADC, for example, capital expenditure
has dropped from 23.31% in 2008 to 22.19% in 2016, with countries such
as Botswana and Madagascar recording double-digit declines.[29]
Governments are increasing their spending on recurring budget
expenditure, typically providing social services and servicing debt
costs. For African countries to own the development financing process,
they need to increase their domestic contributions.

In the absence of increased expenditure, smarter and innovative
mechanisms can enhance African agency. As highlighted earlier, public
funds should focus on sectors and segments of infrastructure development
for which other financiers have little appetite. Outsourcing financing
where appetite exists would free up limited public resources. In other
cases, blending public and private monies can effectively bring down the
interest rate.[30] However, governments should guard against costly
financing options where possible and factor in macro-economic factors.

Smarter infrastructure expenditure should also include exploring new
forms of public– private financing mechanisms that address both cost and
development concerns. Future SAIIA research will focus on the role of
green bonds or sub-national pooled financing as two alternative
financing mechanisms.

Conclusion

Highlighting the nature of private capital in infrastructure investment is not an indictment of the role private investors could play in promoting sustainable development in African countries. However, it underscores the need for policymakers to consider the costs and benefits of different sources of financing and leverage them accordingly.

*About the author: Cyril Prinsloo’s research focuses on infrastructure financing and development in Africa, as well as Africa’s interaction with strategic global partners such as the US, EU, China and the BRICS bloc. Cyril Prinsloo is also a fellow of the Global Governance Futures – Robert Bosch Foundation Multilateral Dialogues programme.

Source: This article was published by SAIIA

Acknowledgement

This work draws on valuable research undertaken by SAIIA and external
associates over three years. They include Abdelaaziz Ait Ali, Adedeji
Adeniran, Asmita Parshotam, Badr Mandri, Chelsea Markowitz, Cyril
Prinsloo, El Mostafa Jamea, Elizabeth Sidiropoulos, Ghazi Tayeb, Gideon
Oberholzer, Hanneke van der Westhuizen, Joel Barnor, Kedibonye Sekakela,
Kwame Owino, Lesley Wentworth, Luanda Mpungose, Malcolm Pautz, Mma
Amara Ekeruche, Neuma Grobbelaar, Olalekan Samuel Bodunrin, Talitha
Bertelsmann-Scott, Tulo Makwati and Zinhle Ngidi. Any errors remain the
sole responsibility of the author.

Footnotes:

[1] AfDB (African Development Bank), ‘African Economic Outlook 2018’, https://www.afdb.org/fileadmin/uploads/afdb/Documents/Publications/2018AEO/African_Economic_Outlook_2018_-_EN_Chapter3.pdf, accessed 12 April 2019.
[2] Prinsloo C et al., ‘Informing the Approach of Multilateral
Development Banks to Use of Country Systems’, GEG AFrica (Global
Economic Governance Africa) Discussion Paper, September 2017, http://www.gegafrica.org/publications/discussion-paper-inform
ing-the-approach-of-multilateral-development-banks-to-use-of-country-systems, accessed 16 April 2019.
[3] The GEG Africa programme contributed to the international system of
global economic governance by ensuring African views and voices were
considered and by creating dialogue platforms on global economic
governance issues. The GEG Africa programme produced evidence-based
research on continental infrastructure priorities, provided input to the
South African government on how development finance institutions can
increase infrastructure spending in Africa, and contributed to
infrastructure financing mechanisms that support economic
sustainability. For more information, see GEG Africa, ‘Theme 1:
Development finance for infrastructure’, http://www.gegafrica.org/theme/theme-1, accessed 7 June 2019.
[4] Adeniran M et al., ‘Africa’s Rising Debt’, GEG Africa Discussion Paper, November 2018, http://www.gegafrica.org/item/884-discussion-paper-africa-s-rising-debt, accessed 16 April 2019.
[5] As well as other areas of focus, such as the Addis Ababa Action Agenda and the Infrastructure Consortium for Africa.
[6] Oberholzer G et al., ‘Infrastructure as an Asset Class in Africa’, GEG Africa Discussion Paper, November 2018, http://www.gegafrica.org/item/860-infrastructure-as-an-asset-class-in-africa, accessed 16 April 2019.
[7] Ibid.
[8] Adeniran M et al., op. cit. It should be noted that these numbers
are not absolute or representative, and should be used as a guide only –
particularly as loan interest rates and maturity periods depend on a
wide range of factors, including prevailing risks.
[9] Ibid.
[10] Between bidding windows 1 and 4, tariff prices for wind dropped
from ZAR 114 c/kWh to ZAR 72 c/kWh, while those for solar PV dropped
from ZAR 276 c/kWh to ZAR 85 c/kWh.
[11] Prinsloo C, ‘South Africa and BRICS: Enhancing Economic Cooperation in the Renewable Energy Sector’, forthcoming.
[12] Parshotam A & H van der Westhuizen, ‘Women and The Energy Value
Chain: Opportunities for a More Inclusive Renewable Energy Sector in
Africa’, GEG Africa Discussion Paper, October 2018, http://www.gegafrica.org/item/844-women-and-the-energy-

valuechain-opportunities-for-a-more-inclusive-renewable-energy-sector-in-africa, accessed 16 April 2019.
[13] Ibid.
[14] Oberholzer G et al., op. cit.
[15] Prinsloo C, ‘Partnering with the New Development Bank: What Improved Services Can It Offer Middle-income Countries?’, GEG
Africa Discussion Paper, November 2016, http://www.gegafrica.org/publications/partnering-with-the-new-development-bankwhat-improved-services-can-it-offer-middle-income-countries, accessed 16 April 2019.
[16] Wentworth L et al., ‘SADC Regional Development Fund Operationalisation Imminent?’, GEG Africa Discussion Paper, July 2018, http://www.gegafrica.org/item/718-sadc-regional-development-fund-operationalisation-imminent, accessed 16 April 2019.
[17] Oberholzer G et al., op. cit.
[18] Ibid.
[19] Such complexity stems from having to deal with various funding and
implementing agencies, different legislative and regulatory regimes, and
competing political interests, among others.
[20] Prinsloo C, op. cit.
[21] Wentworth L et al., op. cit.
[22] Adeniran M et al., op. cit.
[23] Bertelsmann-Scott T, Markowitz C & A Parshotam, ‘Mapping
Current Trends in Infrastructure Financing In Low-Income Countries in
Africa within the Context of the African Development Fund’, GEG Africa
Discussion Paper, November 2017, http://www.gegafrica.org/publications/mapping-current-trends-in-infrastructure-financing-in-low-income-countries-in-africa-within-the-context-of-theafrican-development-fund, accessed 16 April 2019.
[24] Prinsloo C et al., ‘Informing the Approach of Multilateral
Development Banks to Use of Country Systems’, GEG Africa Discussion
Paper, September 2018, http://www.gegafrica.org/publications/discussion-paper-informing-the-approach-of
multilateral- development-banks-to-use-of-country-systems
, accessed 16 April 2019.
[25] Bertelsmann-Scott T, Markowitz C & A Parshotam, op. cit.
[26] Wentworth L et al., op. cit.
[27] Ibid.
[28] Adeniran M et al., op. cit.
[29] Wentworth L et al., op. cit.
[30] Bertelsmann-Scott T, Markowitz C & A Parshotam, op. cit.

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July 07, 2019
“mueller” – Google News: Why is Nancy Pelosi slamming AOC and helping Trump? – CNN
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The latest example came Sunday when the New York Times’ Maureen Dowd reported that Pelosi had slammed four of the most vocal and visible freshman House members, Reps. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez of New York, Ilhan Omar of Minnesota, Rashida Tlaib of Michigan and Ayanna Pressley of Massachusetts.
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Commentary: Who Can We Count on For Help?  Hoosier Ag Today

By Gary Truitt. This will be the year that is remembered as the 2019 crop disaster. It is the worst crop year that most reading this column have ever experienced, …

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Russia News: Kavkazcenter.com: ОХОТА НА ПУТИНА. Билл Браудер о $ 200 млрд/ Путина ВИДЕО

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СКР возбудил против Браудера дело об убийстве Перепиличного. По версии фальсификаторов, мотивом послужило то, что Перепиличный[…]

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Russia News: Взгляд: Последний рейс из Москвы приземлился в Тбилиси

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В Тбилиси приземлился самолет «Аэрофлота» SU 1892, который стал последним перед отменой авиасообщения с Грузией рейсом из России, сообщают информационные агентства.

Самолет вылетел из Шереметьево. Он вернется в российскую столицу в 4.50 мск, передает ТАСС.

С 8 июля вступает в силу запрет на прямое авиасообщение между Россией и Грузией, рейсы прекращают как российские авиакомпании, так и грузинские, передает РИА «Новости».

Напомним, на эти меры Россия пошла после того, как 20 июня в Тбилиси прошли беспорядки под антироссийскими лозунгами. 

Министр транспорта России Евгений Дитрих сообщал, что примерно 4,5 тыс. россиян в Грузии не сдали и не обменяли авиабилеты. Минтранс «на всякий случай» выделил дополнительные средства на то, чтобы россияне, которые не обменяли билеты, могли в течение недели вернуться в Россию.

#{vote}

Основатель и руководитель Федерации гостиниц и ресторанов Грузии Шалва Алавердашвили сообщил, что временный запрет на прямое авиасообщение ощутимо сказался на черноморских курортах республики, где 80% гостиничных броней уже аннулированы россиянами.

Смотрите ещё больше видео на YouTube-канале ВЗГЛЯД

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Russia News: Sputnik International – Breaking News & Analysis – Radio, Photos, Videos, Infographics: Militants Shell Towns in 3 Syrian Provinces, Violate Ceasefire – Russian MoD

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MOSCOW (Sputnik) – Militants shelled four towns in northern and western Syria within the past 24-hour period, the Russian Defence Ministry said Sunday. The ministry reiterated its call for illegal armed groups in the northwestern Idlib de-escalation zone to cease fire and take steps toward a peaceful settlement in areas under their control. Sputnik International …

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FBI from Michael_Novakhov (28 sites): “fbi surveillance” – Google News: FBI and ICE use DMV photos as ‘gold mine’ for facial recognition data – Engadget

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FBI and ICE use DMV photos as ‘gold mine’ for facial recognition data  Engadget

Cities and companies might be turning away from facial recognition, but federal agents are embracing it — whether or not the public is fully aware of what’s ha…

“fbi surveillance” – Google News

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Blogs from Michael_Novakhov (21 sites): The FBI News Review: “fbi reform” – Google News: FBI, ICE use driver license photos without owners’ knowledge or consent – Salt Lake Tribune

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July 07, 2019
“fbi reform” – Google News: FBI, ICE use driver license photos without owners’ knowledge or consent – Salt Lake Tribune
The FBI News Review: “fbi reform” – Google News: FBI, ICE use driver license photos without owners’ knowledge or consent – Stars and Stripes
Alerta de Google: fbi: Accept. Peter King: ‘Extreme, extreme abuses’ by FBI, CIA in Russia probe ‘going to return out’
Alerta de Google: fbi: Convicted Child Predator Jeffrey Epstein Arrested, Charged With Sex Trafficking Minors
Alerta de Google: fbi: FBI, ICE find state driver’s license photos are a gold mine for facial-recognition searches

“fbi reform” – Google News: FBI, ICE use driver license photos without owners’ knowledge or consent – Salt Lake Tribune

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Washington • Agents with the Federal Bureau of Investigation and Immigration and Customs Enforcement have turned state driver license databases into a facial-recognition gold mine, scanning through hundreds of millions of Americans’ photos without their knowledge or consent, newly released documents show.
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July 07, 2019 FBI News Review at 17 Hours “fbi reform” – Google News: FBI, ICE use driver license photos without owners’ knowledge or consent – Stars and Stripes “fbi criticism” – Google News: Terry Crews Wants To Play King Triton In The Live-Action ‘Little Mermaid’ And Twitter Loves It – The Inquisitr News The FBI News Review: “fbi” – Google News: FBI, ICE find state driver’s license photos are a gold mine for facial-recognition searches – The Washington Post “Christopher Wray” – Google News: Financier Jeffrey Epstein due in court over sex charges – WNWO NBC 24 “fbi reform” – Google News: FBI, ICE use driver license photos without owners’ knowledge or consent – Stars and Stripes FBI from Michael_Novakhov (28 sites) WASHINGTON — Agents with the Federal Bureau of Investigation and Immigration and Customs Enforcement have turned state driver license databases into a facial-recognition gold mine, scanning through hundreds of millions of Americans’ photos without their knowledge or consent, newly released documents show.
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Alerta de Google: fbi: Accept. Peter King: ‘Extreme, extreme abuses’ by FBI, CIA in Russia probe ‘going to return out’

FBI from Michael_Novakhov (28 sites)
Accept. Peter King, R-N.Y., acknowledged he’s “confident” that as soon as Attorney Neatly-liked Invoice Barr concludes his investigation of the origins of the investigation of President Trump’s 2016 advertising and marketing campaign, the American americans will study that the FBI and CIA beneath the Obama administration engaged in unfriendly play.
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Alerta de Google: fbi: Convicted Child Predator Jeffrey Epstein Arrested, Charged With Sex Trafficking Minors

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Billionaire investor Jeffrey Epstein was arrested on Saturday by the FBI-NYPD Crimes Against Children Task Force for allegedly sex trafficking dozens of minors between 2002 and 2005.
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Alerta de Google: fbi: FBI, ICE find state driver’s license photos are a gold mine for facial-recognition searches

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A surveillance camera in San Francisco, which recently banned police from using facial-recognition software. (Justin Sullivan/Getty Images) Agents with the Federal Bureau of Investigation and Immigration and Customs Enforcement have turned state driver’s license databases into a facial-recognition gold mine, scanning through hundreds of millions of Americans’ photos without their knowledge or consent, newly released documents show.
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Blogs from Michael_Novakhov (21 sites): Operation Novichok: Operation Novichok from Michael_Novakhov (23 sites): “salisbury novichok” – Google News: Porton Down police officer hits out after top-secret documents found in wheelie bin – Brinkwire

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July 07, 2019

Operation Novichok

Blogs from Michael_Novakhov (21 sites)


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Blogs from Michael_Novakhov (21 sites): The FBI News Review: “fbi reform” – Google News: FBI, ICE use driver license photos without owners’ knowledge or consent – Stars and Stripes

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July 07, 2019
“fbi reform” – Google News: FBI, ICE use driver license photos without owners’ knowledge or consent – Stars and Stripes
“fbi criticism” – Google News: Terry Crews Wants To Play King Triton In The Live-Action ‘Little Mermaid’ And Twitter Loves It – The Inquisitr News
The FBI News Review: “fbi” – Google News: FBI, ICE find state driver’s license photos are a gold mine for facial-recognition searches – The Washington Post
“Christopher Wray” – Google News: Financier Jeffrey Epstein due in court over sex charges – WNWO NBC 24

“fbi reform” – Google News: FBI, ICE use driver license photos without owners’ knowledge or consent – Stars and Stripes

FBI from Michael_Novakhov (28 sites)
WASHINGTON — Agents with the Federal Bureau of Investigation and Immigration and Customs Enforcement have turned state driver license databases into a facial-recognition gold mine, scanning through hundreds of millions of Americans’ photos without their knowledge or consent, newly released documents show.
Read More

“fbi criticism” – Google News: Terry Crews Wants To Play King Triton In The Live-Action ‘Little Mermaid’ And Twitter Loves It – The Inquisitr News

FBI from Michael_Novakhov (28 sites)
American comedian and actor Terry Crews recently took to Twitter to suggest that he wants to play King Triton in the live-action The Little Mermaid starring Halle Bailey, and fans are reacting very positively to the revelation.
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The FBI News Review: “fbi” – Google News: FBI, ICE find state driver’s license photos are a gold mine for facial-recognition searches – The Washington Post

FBI from Michael_Novakhov (28 sites)
July 07, 2019 FBI News Review at 16 Hours “fbi” – Google News: FBI, ICE find state driver’s license photos are a gold mine for facial-recognition searches – The Washington Post Michael Novakhov on Twitter from Michael_Novakhov (4 sites): Twitter search feed for: michael novakhov.: 2:30 PM 7/7/2019 – Michael Novakhov – SharedNewsLinks℠ – In 50 Posts https://trumpandtrumpism.com/2019/07/07/230-pm-7-7-2019-michael-novakhov-sharednewslinks%e2%84%a0-in-50-brief-posts/ … Michael Novakhov on Twitter from Michael_Novakhov (4 sites): Twitter search feed for: michael novakhov.: MAGA Grift Goes Global https://thebulwark.com/maga-grift-goes-global/ … via @BulwarkOnline “fbi” – Google News: FBI, ICE find state driver’s license photos are a gold mine for facial-recognition searches – The Washington Post FBI from Michael_Novakhov (28 sites) A surveillance camera in San Francisco, which recently banned police from using facial-recognition software.
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“Christopher Wray” – Google News: Financier Jeffrey Epstein due in court over sex charges – WNWO NBC 24

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Financier Jeffrey Epstein due in court over sex charges WNWO NBC 24NEW YORK (AP) – Wealthy financier and registered sex offender Jeffrey Epstein is due in court following an arrest in New York on new sex-trafficking charges …
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Blogs from Michael_Novakhov (21 sites): The FBI News Review: “fbi” – Google News: FBI, ICE find state driver’s license photos are a gold mine for facial-recognition searches – The Washington Post

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July 07, 2019
“fbi” – Google News: FBI, ICE find state driver’s license photos are a gold mine for facial-recognition searches – The Washington Post
Michael Novakhov on Twitter from Michael_Novakhov (4 sites): Twitter search feed for: michael novakhov.: 2:30 PM 7/7/2019 – Michael Novakhov – SharedNewsLinks℠ – In 50 Posts https://trumpandtrumpism.com/2019/07/07/230-pm-7-7-2019-michael-novakhov-sharednewslinks%e2%84%a0-in-50-brief-posts/ …
Michael Novakhov on Twitter from Michael_Novakhov (4 sites): Twitter search feed for: michael novakhov.: MAGA Grift Goes Global https://thebulwark.com/maga-grift-goes-global/ … via @BulwarkOnline

“fbi” – Google News: FBI, ICE find state driver’s license photos are a gold mine for facial-recognition searches – The Washington Post

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A surveillance camera in San Francisco, which recently banned police from using facial-recognition software. (Justin Sullivan/Getty Images) Agents with the Federal Bureau of Investigation and Immigration and Customs Enforcement have turned state driver’s license databases into a facial-recognition gold mine, scanning through hundreds of millions of Americans’ photos without their knowledge or consent, newly released documents show.
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Michael Novakhov on Twitter from Michael_Novakhov (4 sites): Twitter search feed for: michael novakhov.: 2:30 PM 7/7/2019 – Michael Novakhov – SharedNewsLinks℠ – In 50 Posts https://trumpandtrumpism.com/2019/07/07/230-pm-7-7-2019-michael-novakhov-sharednewslinks%e2%84%a0-in-50-brief-posts/ …

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2:30 PM 7/7/2019 – Michael Novakhov – SharedNewsLinks℠ – In 50 Posts https://trumpandtrumpism.com/2019/07/07/230-pm-7-7-2019-michael-novakhov-sharednewslinks%e2%84%a0-in-50-brief-posts/ …
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Michael Novakhov on Twitter from Michael_Novakhov (4 sites): Twitter search feed for: michael novakhov.: MAGA Grift Goes Global https://thebulwark.com/maga-grift-goes-global/ … via @BulwarkOnline

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MAGA Grift Goes Global https://thebulwark.com/maga-grift-goes-global/ … via @BulwarkOnline Twitter search feed for: michael novakhov. Michael Novakhov on Twitter from Michael_Novakhov (4 sites)
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Trump Investigations from Michael_Novakhov (96 sites): realDonaldTrump on Twitter: Congratulations to the U.S. Women’s Soccer Team on winning the World Cup! Great and exciting play. America is proud of you all!

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Congratulations to the U.S. Women’s Soccer Team on winning the World Cup! Great and exciting play. America is proud of you all!


Posted by

realDonaldTrump
on Sunday, July 7th, 2019 7:11pm

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Trump Investigations from Michael_Novakhov (96 sites)


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Trump Investigations from Michael_Novakhov (96 sites): realDonaldTrump on Twitter: RT @WhiteHouse: The 3 major U.S. stock indexes all closed with record highs Wednesday! thehill.com/policy/finance…

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The 3 major U.S. stock indexes all closed with record highs Wednesday!
thehill.com/policy/finance…


Posted by

WhiteHouse
on Friday, July 5th, 2019 7:10pm
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on Sunday, July 7th, 2019 7:03pm

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Trump Investigations from Michael_Novakhov (96 sites): realDonaldTrump on Twitter: RT @WhiteHouseCEA: Read more about the jobs numbers out today: whitehouse.gov/articles/u-s-e…

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Read more about the jobs numbers out today:
whitehouse.gov/articles/u-s-e…


Posted by

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Trump Investigations from Michael_Novakhov (96 sites): realDonaldTrump on Twitter: RT @WhiteHouse: pic.twitter.com/K76BQeMLdk

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Posted by

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on Saturday, July 6th, 2019 1:47am
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on Sunday, July 7th, 2019 7:02pm

10124 likes, 2971 retweets

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Michael Novakhov – SharedNewsLinks℠: 2:30 PM 7/7/2019 – Michael Novakhov – SharedNewsLinks℠ – In 50 Posts | Trump and Trumpism – Review Of News And Opinions

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Michael_Novakhov
shared this story
from Trump and Trumpism – Review Of News And Opinions.

2:30 PM 7/7/2019 – Michael Novakhov – SharedNewsLinks℠ – In 50 Brief Posts

Michael Novakhov – SharedNewsLinks℠
MAGA Grift Goes Global – The Bulwark
Mysterious Trump Ally George Nader’s Phones Had Texts With Saudi And UAE Rulers, As Well As Child Pornography
Billionaire Jeffrey Epstein arrested on sex trafficking charges
Russian Oligarch Scoffed at FBI’s Collusion Theory
The Broidy – Manafort Ring | 5:59 AM 7/7/2019 – “Epstein was also a longtime acquaintance of … #TomBarrack…” – Elliott Broidy, George Nader, Rick Gates, Tom Barrack, Jeffrey Epstein, Chris Cline – Google Search
tom barrack – Google Search
Broidy Manafort Ring – Google Search
Michael Cohen’s Plea Deal Brought Trump’s Woes Together
Broidy Manafort Ring – Google Search
george nader – Google Search
rick gates – Google Search
elliott broidy – Google Search
paul manafort – Google Search
Broidy Manafort Ring – Google Search
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GUEST EDITORIAL: Mueller will face questions from both sides – News – Santa Rosas Press Gazette
Ethiopian community’s protests funded by ‘German Money’
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SDNY Investigation of Donald Trump – Google Search
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SDNY arrests Donald Trump’s friend Jeffrey Epstein for sex trafficking, and all hell breaks loose
elliott broidy – Google Search
Trump Fund-Raiser Received Laundered Foreign Money, Prosecutors Say
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Elliott Broidy, George Nader, Rick Gates, Tom Barrack, Jeffrey Epstein – Google Search
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The money behind Trump’s $107 million inauguration – Alternet.org
tom barrack – Google Search
Jeffrey Epstein – Wikipedia
Billionaire Jeffrey Epstein arrested and charged with sex trafficking
Billionaire Jeffrey Epstein arrested and accused of sex trafficking minors, sources say – CNN
Jewish Identity excluded from Identity Politics
anti-Trump wing of Republican party – Google Search
anti-Trump wing of Republican party – Google Search
bill weld – Google Search

 

Michael Novakhov – SharedNewsLinks℠
MAGA Grift Goes Global – The Bulwark
Sun, 07 Jul 2019 13:34:32 -0400

Michael_Novakhov shared this story from The Bulwark.

If you’re looking to cash in on one of Washington’s swampier pastimes, you could do worse than picking a side in the lobbying and public relations war between the Qatar and the United Arab Emirates (UAE). While both countries are U.S. allies—each hosts a sizeable American military contingent—there is no love lost between them. The two gulf states nearly went to war in 2017, and have waged an expensive and at times brazen campaign for influence in Washington and within the Trump administration.

The risks in this game are substantial. Participants have been subjected to federal investigationstargeted by state-sponsored hackers, and smeared relentlessly as paid shills or supporters of terror. It may have even cost former ExxonMobil CEO Rex Tillerson his job as secretary of state.

The enormous strategic and economic stakes have made the struggle for America’s favor a lucrative one, and it’s unsurprising that names associated with MAGA grift have become involved in promoting the UAE’s campaign against Qatar. Even Pizzagate conspiracist and Infowars correspondent Mike Cernovich released a short documentary attacking Qatar last month, focusing on the country’s ties to Islamists and, ironically, its campaign for influence abroad.

You cannot make this stuff up. But to be fair, it should be noted that Qatar is not simply an innocent victim. Many of its actions have been genuinely worrying and should cause concern not only in the region but in Washington as well.

Despite the best efforts of the players involved to keep things quiet, we may be learning more about this scheme. The office of special counsel and congressional investigators have zeroed in on a mysterious January 2017 meeting in the Seychelles, apparently brokered by the UAE as part of an effort to establish a “back channel” between the incoming Trump administration and Russia. An incidental but important outcome of the Mueller investigation could be to reveal a broader scope of foreign meddling and interference with American politics and policymaking.

Podcast episode cover image

Before the infamous Seychelles rendezvous, several of its key participants met first at Trump Tower on August 3, 2016. Blackwater founder Erik Prince—who lives in the UAEand helped the country form a paramilitary force—arranged for Donald Trump Jr. to meet George Nader, a Lebanese-American adviser to UAE crown prince Mohammed bin Zayed (MBZ), and Joel Zamel, an Israeli social media entrepreneur. According to The New York Times, the future president’s son “responded approvingly,” and after the election, Nader paid Zamel a sum of up to $2 million:

There are conflicting accounts of the reason for the payment, but among other things, a company linked to Mr. Zamel provided Mr. Nader with an elaborate presentation about the significance of social media campaigning to Mr. Trump’s victory.

Accounts differ as to the purpose of the secretive post-election gathering in the Seychelles — whether it was arranged for business purposes or to establish a diplomatic “back channel” between the U.S. and Russia. George Nader reportedly told a grand jury that Erik Prince visited the remote island nation as an emissary of the incoming Trump administration. During his visit, Prince met with MBZ and Kirill Dmitriev, who runs Russia’s $10 billion sovereign wealth fund. While it remains unclear exactly what the group discussed in the Seychelles, political tensions in the gulf would ramp up in the months to come.

In May 2017, President Trump visited Riyadh to attend the multilateral Arab-Islamic-American Summit, which is probably best remembered for its photograph of the president “touching the orb” with the leaders of Saudi Arabia and Egypt. We don’t know what particular assurances Trump may have provided at the summit, but two weeks later, a Saudi-led bloc of countries cut diplomatic ties with Qatar and imposed an economic embargo against the country.

Almost immediately, President Trump tweeted his support for Qatar’s isolation and signaled that the move received his endorsement at the Riyadh summit.

Behind the scenes, the administration worked to de-escalate the crisis. According to a report in The Intercept quoting “one current member of the U.S. intelligence community and two former State Department officials,” Secretary of State Rex Tillerson urged Saudi leaders not to follow through on a contemplated invasion of Qatar. Tillerson’s intervention was said to have enraged the UAE leadership, which began a campaign to have him removed as secretary of state. (Tillerson was fired less than a year later.)

After Tillerson’s ouster, MBZ was reportedly “gloating to every member in the Gulf ruling families that he was the mastermind behind firing Tillerson.” Abdulkhaleq Abdulla, an adviser to the crown prince, tweeted that “history will remember that a Gulf state had a role in expelling the foreign minister of a superpower and that’s just the tip of the iceberg.”

According to hacked emails given to the New York Times, ex-RNC finance co-chair Elliott Broidy also claimed to have personally recommended that the president to fire Tillerson.* Broidy, whose security company Circinus was later awarded a contract worth more than $200 million by the UAE, was a close associate with Nader, the Lebanese-American adviser to MBZ. (Broidy is also known for arranging a hush-money payment to a Playboy playmate via Trump fixer Michael Cohen.) Nader has cooperated with the Mueller investigation.


On October 6, 2017—four months after diplomatic tensions in the gulf almost gave way to war —the public relations firm SCL Social disclosed a $330,000 contract with the UAE for a “global media campaign.” SCL Social was the parent company of Cambridge Analytica, which employed Trump strategist Steve Bannon and received a $5 million investment from the pro-Trump Mercer family.

Two weeks later, Bannon addressed a Hudson Institute summit focusing on Qatar’s ties to Iran and the Muslim Brotherhood. “The single most important thing that’s happening in the world is the situation in Qatar,” he said.

According to the New York Times, the Hudson summit and another anti-Qatar conference at the Foundation for Defense of Democracies were funded in part by a $2.7 million payment from George Nader to Elliott Broidy. The Times noted that “Hudson Institute policies prohibit donations from foreign governments that are not democracies, and the Foundation for Defense of Democracies bars donations from all foreign governments, so Mr. Nader’s role as an adviser to the U.A.E. may have raised concerns had he donated directly.”


The fallout from the assassination of journalist Jamal Khashoggi by Saudi agents last October would highlight not only the inflamed state of gulf politics in Washington, but also the paranoia about the motives and funding of anyone who took a different perspective.

Khashoggi, a Saudi citizen who fell out with the regime for his support for the pro-democracy movement and a role for the Muslim Brotherhood, was brutally murdered during a routine visit to the Saudi consulate in Istanbul. The Washington Post later reported that he maintained close ties to an executive at the Qatar Foundation who “shaped the columns he submitted… proposing topics, drafting material and prodding him to take a harder line against the Saudi government.”

The revelation that Khashoggi may have received support from Qatar was seized upon by some commentators to absolve or obscure the guilt that might otherwise fall upon the Saudi regime. A small Washington think tank called the Security Studies Group made the Khashoggi affair a particular focus, portraying him as a legitimate target by labeling him a “Qatari asset.”

Jim Hanson, who heads the Security Studies Group, compared the murder of Khashoggi to President Obama’s drone strike on al-Qaeda terrorist Anwar Al-Awlaki who had communications with or otherwise inspired the 2005 London tube bombers, the Fort Dix shooter, the failed Times Square bomber and others.

Critics of the Saudi government were accused of organizing an “information operation,” as if the brutal killing of Khashoggi were somehow orchestrated by Doha or Ankara.

Security Studies Group’s Dave Reaboi—along with J. Michael Waller of the Center for Security Policy—recently participated in a short anti-Qatar film directed by date rape denialist and “smooth” brain supplement hawker Mike Cernovich. Not generally known for his Middle East expertise, Cernovich also promoted a mysterious smear campaign against former National Security Adviser H.R. McMaster, which used anti-Semitic imagery to imply the former general was being secretly manipulated by Jewish financiers like George Soros and the Rothschild family.


We shouldn’t let sleazy pro-Trump grifters distract us from Qatar’s behavior, which is troubling in a number of ways. The country’s enormous natural gas reserves have allowed it to chart an independent and at times destabilizing course in the Middle East. Its Al-Jazeera news channelsupport for the Arab Spring democracy movement and the Muslim Brotherhood, and economic ties with Iran have infuriated regional capitals from Cairo to Riyadh.

One of the precipitating events leading to the diplomatic showdown in June of 2017 was a shocking $1 billion ransom for the release of Qatari royals captured during a hunting trip in Iraq—reportedly paid to an al-Qaeda-connected group and Iranian officials.

Qatar may have also used its economic power to influence the president’s indebted son-in-law. Last August, a firm which counts the Qatari sovereign wealth fund as one of its largest shareholders helped bail out Jared Kushner’s family real estate company by agreeing to pay all 99 years of a long-term building lease up front.


Whether or how small-time MAGA figures are connected to bigger players like Erik Prince, Elliott Broidy, or foreign governments themselves remains to be seen. The Foreign Agents Registration Act (FARA) requires anyone acting on behalf of a foreign principal to influence U.S. public opinion or policy to register with the Department of Justice, but there are loopholes and gray areas that allow many such campaigns to operate under the radar. For instance, an American defense contractor could donate large sums to a U.S.-based think tank to effectively advocate on behalf of a foreign power without being forced to disclose its activities.

But there’s nothing like a federal investigation to force closely guarded information into the public domain. A look back at Paul Manafort’s secret effort to discredit the Ukrainian opposition, detailed by Ukrainian government sources and filings by federal prosecutors, is instructive. Manafort paid a conservative blogger named Christopher Badeaux—who was previously entangled in the Malaysian payola scandal— to establish a website for a “fake” think tank called the Center for the Study of Former Soviet Socialist Republics (CXSSR). Badeaux’s role emerged when he was named as a potential witnessfor the Manafort trial in the District of Columbia (which became moot once Manafort struck a plea dealwith the federal government).

Mysterious Trump Ally George Nader’s Phones Had Texts With Saudi And UAE Rulers, As Well As Child Pornography
Sun, 07 Jul 2019 13:33:26 -0400

Michael_Novakhov shared this story from The Inquisitr.

The 60-year-old Nader is being held on charges of transporting child porn, but investigators also found communications with two of the most powerful rulers in the Arab world.

George Nader, the mysterious Lebanese-American businessman who served as a secret emissary to the 2016 Donald Trump campaign from Crown Prince Mohammed bin Zayed, de facto ruler of the United Arab Emirates, had text messages with the prince on one of the three cell phones in his possession when he was detained by investigators working

Michael Novakhov – SharedNewsLinks℠


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