A statement made by the outgoing French ambassador to the US last week
regarding the nature of Israeli apartheid accentuates a larger ailment
that has afflicted EU foreign policy: The EU is simply gutless when it
comes to confronting Israel’s illegal occupation of Palestine.
Ambassador Gerard Araud was, of course, right when he told US magazine The Atlantic that Israel is already an apartheid state. Noting the “disproportion of power” between Israel and the Palestinians, Araud said: “The strongest (Israel) may conclude that they have no interest to make concessions.” And, since Israel “won’t make (Palestinians) citizens of Israel, they will have to make it official, which we know the situation, which is an apartheid,” Araud added. “There will be officially an apartheid state. They are in fact already.”
The fact that Araud has only divulged such obvious truths at the end of
his five-year diplomatic assignment is expressive of the nature of
politics in general and European politics in particular. The unpleasant
truth is that the EU serves as an American lackey in the Middle East and
consistently operates within Washington’s acceptable margins. EU
diplomacy rarely ventures away from this maxim. The fact that Araud
dared to speak out is the exception, not the rule.
But Araud’s revelations are unlikely to translate into anything
substantive. Moreover, they will not inspire a serious rethink in the
EU’s position regarding the Israeli occupation or the US’ blind support
for Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s militant and racist
policies toward the Palestinians.
Some had hoped that the advent of an unpredictable and abrasive
president in the White House could jolt the Europeans into action. They
were encouraged by the January 2017 ParisMiddle East summitthat took
place despite American protests. More than 70 countries added their
voices to that of their French host, declaring their opposition to the
illegal Jewish settlements and calling for the establishment of an
independent Palestinian state as “the only way” to achieving peace.
The summit’s final statement urged Israel and the Palestinians to
“officially restate their commitment to the two-state solution.”
Then-French President Francois Hollande explained that his country’s
motive was to merely ensure the two-state solution was the frame of
reference for future negotiations.
But what good did that do? Israel ignored the summit as if it never took
place. Tel Aviv continued to pursue its apartheid policies, crowning
these efforts with the nation-state lawlast year, which declared Israel
to be “the nation-state of the Jewish people.” Trump also ignored the
French and the EU altogether. He selectedan ardent Israeli supporter,
David Friedman, to be his ambassador to Israel. Friedman opposes the
two-state solution and refersto the Occupied Territories using the
ancient biblical designations Judea and Samaria. Trump also did not
consider the French position when he movedhis country’s Israeli Embassy
from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem last May.
How did the EU respond to the concrete, albeit illegal, American
actions? With more redundant statements that emphasized its political
position but lacked any mechanism for serious action.
Last December, eight EU ambassadors, including that of France, issued a
statement at the UN that was clearly aimed at the US. “We, the European
Union members of the (UN Security) Council, would like to reiterate once
more and emphasize the EU’s strong continued commitment to the
internationally agreed parameters for a just and lasting peace in the
Middle East, based on international law, relevant UN resolutions and
previous agreements,” the statementread.
Again, words and no action. The same pattern was repeated after Trump
took it upon himself to grantthe occupied Golan Heights to Israel,
defying the UN, EU and, needless to say, the aspirations of millions of
Arabs. EU foreign policy chief Federica Mogherini countered with
another statement, on behalf of the 28 EU states, that Europe “does not
recognize Israeli sovereignty over the occupied Golan Heights.”
So what? While the US defies international law with concrete steps, the
EU settles for mere words, emphasizing a status quo that, even when it
was embraced by Washington, brought nothing but misery for Palestinians.
The EU’s ineptness is only matched by its hypocrisy. Israel still enjoys
advantageous trade privileges with Europe, and diplomatic ties between
Israel and most EU member countries are at an all-time high.
The only collective European initiative that seemed to matter at the
time was in 2013, when the bloc requested that Israeli products made in
illegal Jewish settlements be labeled as such. However, after years of
haggling, the EUadmittedthat monitoring Israeli trade practices as far
as labeling is concerned has proven “impossible.”
The French position on trade with the illegal settlements was
particularly disgraceful. While the Irish Senatevotedlast December to
end the import of settlement-produced goods, the French had, shortly
before, done the exactoppositebysuspendingthe special labeling rules.
In truth, the ineffectiveness of EU policies is nothing new. And it
cannot be blamed on Trump’s unilateral measures either. In fact, the
words of French ambassador Araud are consistent with the frustration
felt by other EU diplomats over the years. In February 2013, a report
issued by EU diplomatsdescribedillegal Jewish settlements as “the
biggest single threat to the two-state solution” and called on Brussels
to take decisive measures to stop Israel’s “deliberate and provocative”
settlement enterprise. It has been more than six years since the report
was issued, but the EU has done nothing to stop the illegal settlements,
which have grown in leaps and bounds since then.
Worse, in the latest elections won by Netanyahu, he promised to annex
the illegal Jewish settlements in the West Bank. Considering the
unconditional American support regarding Israel’s previous illegal
annexations of Jerusalem and the Golan, this too could be a tangible
reality in the near future. After all, the Jewish nation-state law
recognized Jewish settlements as “national value” and the state “will
act to encourage and promote (their) establishment and development.”
In the face of the US backing of Israel, EU foreign policy is
inconsistent, weak and, ultimately, a failure. Unfortunately, the idea
which gained momentum during the early months of Trump’s presidency that
the EU could develop a truly independent foreign policy position on
Israel and Palestine has been proven wrong.
To change all of that, EU members should heed the words of the French
ambassador, recognize the apartheid reality in Palestine and act against
it as forcefully as the world acted against South African apartheid,
which led to that regime’s final, irreversible collapse in 1994.